Mots difficiles en anglais

hummingbird

hummingbirdcolibri, oiseau-mouche. « Hummingbirds are the smallest birds in the world. »

twig

brindille « Crows sometimes use tools, from twigs to their own feathers. »
piger « He didn't twig what was going on until it was too late. » « She kept dropping hints but I still didn't twig. »

to scarper

ficher le camp « Everyone panicked and scarpered out of the windows. »

mane

manecrinière « Horse with long mane. » « Male lions have a prominent mane, which is the most recognisable feature of the species. »

meek

doux, humble, docile « He was a meek, mild-mannered fellow. » « I'm not the meek and obedient type. » « Now... he is as meek as a mouse. »

to carry a torch for sb

Être amoureux de qqn. « Terry has been carrying a torch for Liz for years, but she seems not to notice. »

to frolick

gambader « She loves to frolick in the meadows. »

maverick

non-conformiste « Yes, he was a maverick with a healthy disregard for authority. » « A maverick group of scientists, who oppose the prevailing medical opinion on the disease. »

sentient

doué de sens, sensible « most animals are sentient beings, with complex sensations and emotions. »

to squander

gaspiller, gâcher  « Do not squander time. That's the stuff life is made of. » « He squandered two chances in the space of three minutes. »

unhinged

dérangé, détraqué « he's unhinged. »

to nod

faire oui de la tête « "Are you okay?" I asked. She nodded. »
faire un signe de tête « All the girls nodded and said "Hi". »

frailty

faiblesse « a triumph of will over human frailty. » « the frailties of human nature. »
fragilité « She died after a long period of increasing frailty. » 

to be in one's cups

être ivre « He talked too freely when, as was too often the case, he was in his cups. »

dressing-down

réprimande, savon « I gave him a good dressing-down. »

to get cracking

s'y mettre « Well, time to get cracking ! »

to flounder

battre de l'aile « The economy was floundering. »        
tourner en rond « I was floundering. I worked in a number of jobs. I had no direction in my life. »     

bygone

passé
let bygones be bygones = passons l'éponge, oublions le passé

keystone

clé de voûte (=capstone). « Keeping inflation low is the keystone of their economic policy. »

grueling

exténuant, éprouvant. Grueling schedule, grueling day. « A grueling eight-year conflict. »

monger

fig.: marchand de qqc., partisan. Hate monger ; war-monger.

it's right up my alley

[slang] c'est mon truc ; c'est mon style ; c'est mon genre

daisy

daisypâquerette « A field of daisies. »
daisy chain = guirlande de pâquerettes
as fresh as a daisy = frais comme une rose
daisy-wheel printer = imprimante à marguerite

to batter

battre « The boys witnessed their father battering their mother. » « The ship was battered by the waves. »

heap

heaptas, monceau, pile « a heap of clothes » « a heap of coal » « a heap of work » « a heap of problems ».
a rubbish heap = un tas d'ordures  
to be at the bottom / top of the heap = être en bas/haut de l'échelle « if you want to stay on top of the heap. »
heaps = des tas « Is ther misery in your country ? Heaps. »
heaps of = beaucoup de « I've got heaps of work to do » « We've got heaps of time » « a job that might suit someone with heaps of experience. »
to heap = entasser, amonceler « They heaped the dead leaves in the corner of the garden. »        
to heap praise / gifts on sb = couvrir qn d'éloges / de cadeaux  

adamant

inflexible « The judge was adamant. » « The government is adamant that it will not yield to pressure. »

nefarious

abominable, néfaste, malfaisant. « He is being manipulated for some nefarious purpose. »

redneck

plouc, bouseux, beauf, péquenaud « A large Texan redneck was shouting obscenities. »

behemoth

monstre « Facebook, the social media behemoth. »

nexus

lien, connexion « There's a nexus between women's empowerment and poverty reduction. »

to purloin

dérober « he must have managed to purloin a copy of the key. »

idle

désœuvré « A healthy child cannot be idle; he has to be doing something all day. » « It is not his nature to be idle. » « idle bureaucrats who spend the day reading newspapers. »
au chômage  « many steel workers are idle. »        
au repos « 6 per cent of the country's factories were idle. »        
vain, futile, oiseux « He hasn't time for idle gossip. »
bone idle = paresseux comme une couleuvre
to idle away one's time = passer son temps à ne rien faire.

moniker

surnom, petit nom, pseudo « "Bon-papa" was our french granddad's moniker. »

downpour

downpourpluie torrentielle, saucée. « A sudden downpour. »

to tickle

chatouiller « I was tickling him, and he was giggling. » « A beard doesn't scratch, it just tickles. » « This scarf tickles. »
fig.: réjouir « it tickled me to see them together again. » « This is so adorable, it tickles my heart ! »

butler

maître d'hôtel, majordome  « The butler, as the senior male servant, has the highest servant status. »
bouteiller (officier chargé autrefois de l'approvisionnement en vin).

tantrum

colère
to throw a tantrum, to have a tantrum = piquer une colère. « He immediately threw a tantrum, screaming like a child. » « My son had a tantrum and banged his fist on the ground. »

hasten

accélérer, précipiter « This could well hasten the collapse of the country's industry. » « There is no question that Napoleon's doctors hastened his death. »
se hâter, s'empresser  « She hastened back to the house. » « He hastened to assure me that there was nothing to worry about. » « He hastened to say that nobody was hurt. »

ablaze

en feu, en flamme. « A region ablaze with ethnic violence. »
to be ablaze = flamber. « The tents were ablaze. »
ablaze with light = resplendissant de lumière. « The chamber was ablaze with light. »
to be ablaze with colour = offrir une débauche de couleurs « In spring, the valleys are ablaze with colour. »

full-blown

véritable ; généralisé ; complet. A full-blown failure. « Since 2005, Ethiopia has degenerated into a full-blown dictatorship. »
full-blown AIDS : SIDA avéré.

cub

petit (d'un animal). Lion cub, fox cub, bear cub. « A lion and her cubs. »
cub reporter = journaliste stagiaire. « He had been a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star. »

without further ado

sans plus de cérémonie (=without more ado). « Without further ado, let's start. »
much ado about nothing = la montagne a accouché d'une souris.

busker

buskermusicien ambulant, musicien de rue « He earned a living as a busker. »

to scoop up

ramasser « A giant floating trash collector will try to scoop up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.  You can scoop up everything in these shops : clothes, books, housewares, toys, records... » « I scooped my son up in my arms. »

brazen

impudent, effronté, sans gêne.  « He's brazen, selfconfident, charismatic. » « It's brazen, insane, wonderful ! »
to brazen it out = la jouer au culot, au bluff.

stunning

éblouissant « You look stunning! » « Her dress was simply stunning. »
stupéfiant « a stunning victory in the general election. »

mischievous

espiègle, coquin a mischievous smile She always was a mischievous child.
malveillant The Foreign Office dismissed the story as mischievous and false.

poaching

braconnage. Rhino poaching ; anti-poaching patrol. « Poaching wildlife will not only end up killing animals, but also ruin biodiversity. »

headscarf

foulard, voile. Islamic headscarf.

rosemary

romarin. « Fragrance of thyme and rosemary. »
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