Mots difficiles en anglais

chubby

potelé
chubby-faced = joufflu

chin

menton

the ball of the foot

la plante du pied

chandelier

lustre

downfall

fig.: chute, ruine « his lack of experience had led to his downfall  » « his honesty had been his downfall. »

to cater for

préparer des repas (pour)
satisfaire, pourvoir à « In a consumer society no effort is made to cater for the needs of the elderly. »
s'adresser à, pourvoir aux besoins de « we can cater for all age groups in our summer schools. »

tangle

enchevêtrement « a tangle of wires. »
to be in a tangle, to be tangled = être emmêlé « I've got my shoelaces in a bit of a tangle. »        
fig.: « a confused tangle of plots and subplots. » « My tax affairs were in a complete tangle » (= "sac de nœuds"). 
fig.: to be in a tangle = être en pleine confusion.
to tangle = s'emmêler « her hair tends to tangle. »

leaf blower

leaf blowersouffleur de feuilles

to underpin

sous-tendre « Several factors underpin this policy. »

gizmo

truc, gadget « a plastic gizmo for holding a coffee cup on the dashboard. »

mundane

banal, terre à terre « our robot can do most of the mundane work for you » « the mundane realities of life »

to pencil in

[+appointment] fixer provisoirement « The tour was pencilled in for the following March. »
to pencil sb in (for appointment) compter sur, marquer qn provisoirement « I'll pencil you in for Friday. Phone me if you need to cancel. »

pole

perche « using a pole, he pushed the boat away from the shore. »
 pole jump = saut m à la perche.
pole dancing = danse érotique autour d'une barre métallique.
 telegraph pole = poteau télégraphique

to spawn

engendrer « the computer revolution and the devices it has spawned. »
frayer, frai (poissons). 

to snoop

fouiner « she's always snooping, trying to find out what we're up to. »
to snoop on sb = espionner qn

terse

concis ; laconique « Jade is a terse and simple javascript templating language. »

to yearn

to yearn for sth = désirer vivement qch « He yearned for freedom.  » « Couples who have only daughters and yearn for a son. »
to yearn to do sth = désirer vivement de faire qch « I yearned to see him again. »

awe

crainte mêlée d'admiration, respect.
to be awed = être impressionné, être effrayé « I am awed by David's courage. »
awestruck : frappé d'admiration, fasciné « Every time I visit I am awestruck by the immense potential of this region and its people. »

to wither

se faner.
fig.: dépérir, péricliter « the question now is whether the railways will flourish or wither. »
to wither on the vine = pourrir sur l'arbre, être gâché. « the apples will wither on the vine if not picked soon » « Fred thinks he is withering on the vine because no one has hired him. »

mock-up

maquette. « Mock-ups are used in the automotive device industry as part of the product development process. »
« Mockups are used in software development to create user interfaces that show the end user what the software will look like. »

to hinder

entraver, faire obstacle à, gêner. « Further scientific research is hindered by lack of cash. » « His progress in the company has been hindered by his lack of self-confidence. »

heck

oh heck! = oh zut!  
why the heck ... ?  = pourquoi diable ... ?
what the heck! = et puis zut!  
a heck of a lot of = une sacrée quantité de

KISS principle

le principe KISS, "Keep it Simple, Stupid", préconise de rechercher la simplicité en évitant toute complexité non nécessaire. Ce principe est appliqué dans le développement logiciel, le journalisme, la photographie, l'ingénierie, l'aviation, etc.

humungous

énorme, monstre (fig) « Barbra Streisand is such a humungous star. »

tuxedo, tux

smoking (vêtement). The tuxedo or dinner jacket (trendy 100 years ago) has endured as a classic symbol of the fashionable man.

to flesh out

[+story, plan] développer « he talked with him for an hour and a half, fleshing out the details of the plan. »

pun

jeu de mots, calembour. « No pun intended » = sans jeu de mots.

to falter

chanceler, vaciller, hésiter, fléchir « his steps faltered » = son pas se fit plus hésitant. « From that moment onwards he never faltered in his resolve. »   

overdue

en retard « they're half an hour overdue ». « the rent is three weeks overdue. »
to be overdue = se faire attendre « reform of these laws is overdue. »
to be long overdue = n'avoir que trop tardé « that change was long overdue. »

trifecta

tiercé. « The trifecta I've been betting for ten years finally hit! »

missing in action (m.i.a)

porté disparu (au combat). « Several soldiers are still missing in action. »
fig.: manquer à l'appel. « The federal government is missing in action in an area where it has clear responsibilities. »

daunting

intimidant « attempting to play a style like Salsa on the piano can be very daunting and awkward at first. »

foray

incursion « to make a foray into enemy territory. »
to make a foray into sth = s'essayer à qch « One of the Mac mini's raisons d'être was to provide a gateway for PC users interested in the Mac to make an inexpensive foray onto the platform. »

momentum

impulsion, élan « the momentum of change in the second half of the century. »
to gather momentum : s'accélérer, prendre de la vitesse, gagner du terrain « the lobbying for action gathered momentum this weekend. »

git

con, connard « he's a git! » « Oh, shut your face, you racist git! »

Linus Torvalds (créateur de Linux) a appelé son logiciel "Git"... Il l'explique ainsi : "je ne suis qu'un sale égocentrique, donc j'appelle tous mes projets d'après ma propre personne. D'abord Linux, puis Git."

akin

semblable « genius and madness are akin. »
akin to : semblable à « something akin to gratitude overwhelmed her. »

backstreet

petites rue, ruelle « a narrow back street of Port-au-Prince. »
quartier pauvres ou mal famés « the back streets of Berlin. »
backstreet abortion = avortement clandestin
backstreet of desire = bas-fonds du désir.

block

pâté m de maisons « the school is five blocks away. »
the new kid on the block = le petit nouveau

astounding

stupéfiant, étonnant

pushpin

épingle

disclaimer

démenti, décharge, limitation de responsabilité.
to issue a disclaimer = publier un démenti  
disclaimer clause = clause de non-responsabilité

pinkie

petit doigt (little finger) « He pushes his glasses up his nose with his pinkie. »  « This piano exercise improves the extension between the ring finger and the pinky finger. »

arguably

sans doute « this is arguably the most serious issue of our time.  » « Windsor, arguably Canada's hottest city, recorded its warmest July ever. »

no brainer

chose facile, évidence. « Saving seems like a no brainer, but is often harder than it sounds. »

timber

bois. Building timber = bois de construction « Most of the region's building timber is imported from the south. »
arbres « Most of his land is planted with timber. »

despicable

méprisable, ignoble, odieux, abject « he was truly despicable, without one single redeeming feature. »

ditto

idem « the window's been broken, ditto the door. »

misfit

asocial, inadapté, marginal, cassos « I have been made to feel a misfit for not wanting children. »

gutter

gouttière « Above the gutter the tiles were loose. »
caniveau « The motorbike lay on its side in the gutter. » « to end up in the gutter » = finir dans le caniveau.        
gutter press, gutter newspaper = presse de bas étage, journal à scandale
gutter-child = gamin des rues.

(magic) wand

baguette magique
remède miracle. « there is no magic wand... »
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