Mots difficiles en anglais

to run aground

to run aground(s')échouer. « Many small boats run aground or sink as a result of bad weather. » « Poland's plans to privatise its industry could run aground for lack of domestic funds. »

fasting

jeûne. « Intermittent fasting involves daily fasting for 16 hours. »

porpoise

porpoisemarsouin

to shrug

hausser les épaules. To shrug one's shoulders. « Atlas Shrugged. »
haussement d'épaules. A shrug of the shoulders.

leotard

justaucorps

bobcat

lynx

moisture

humidité. « When the soil is dry, more moisture is lost from the plant. »
buée (=mist)

tear duct

canal lacrymal

nudge

to nudge : donner un (petit) coup de coude à → « The girls grinned and nudged each other. »
a nudge : un coup de pouce → « All he needed was a nudge. »
to give sb a nudge in the right direction = pousser doucement qn dans la bonne direction.

faucet

robinet. « She turned off the faucet and dried her hands. »
a dripping faucet (= a leaking faucet) = un robinet qui goutte. « A dripping faucet in a room wastes between 1,000 and 2,000 litres of water a year. »

to conceal

cacher, dissimuler. « The scarf concealed a revolver. » « His "heart attack" was in fact a concealed murder. »

maverick

non-conformiste « Yes, he was a maverick with a healthy disregard for authority. » « A maverick group of scientists, who oppose the prevailing medical opinion on the disease. »

to scoop up

ramasser « A giant floating trash collector will try to scoop up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.  You can scoop up everything in these shops : clothes, books, housewares, toys, records... » « I scooped my son up in my arms. »

odds and ends

bric-à-brac, bricoles

kudos

gloire, prestige, lauriers. « Kudos to you if you solved that problem ! » « You almost got it perfectly, kudos ! »
to gain kudos = gagner en prestige « He gained a lot of kudos when he was chosen to play Hamlet. »

brook

brookruisseau (=stream) « little brooks make great rivers. »

behold

apercevoir, voir, observer « There isn't a landscape in the world that is more lovely to behold. »
voici « Behold, here it is. »

beholder = observateur. « Beauty is in eye of the beholder » (la beauté est affaire de goût)

super-duper

super, superchouette. « She was a super-duper assistant. »

awe

respect mêlé de crainte, admiration. « He is remembered with affection and awe by the students. »
to be in awe of sb/sth = être en admiration devant qn/qch. « She is in awe of his learning. »
to be awed = être impressionné, être effrayé « I am awed by David's courage. »
awestruck : frappé d'admiration, fasciné « Every time I visit I am awestruck by the immense potential of this region and its people. »

foray

incursion « to make a foray into enemy territory. »
to make a foray into sth = s'essayer à qch « One of the Mac mini's raisons d'être was to provide a gateway for PC users interested in the Mac to make an inexpensive foray onto the platform. »

despicable

méprisable, ignoble, odieux, abject « he was truly despicable, without one single redeeming feature. »

wino

ivrogne, poivrot

whim

caprice « She whent there on a whim. »

cripple

boiteux (=lame), infirme
handicaper, paralyser (sens propre et figuré) « Several painful falls that crippled him. » « Much of the developing world is crippled by debts. »

plunder

pillage. « The authorities couldn't prevent the plundering of the ancient ruins. »
butin
to plunder  = piller, voler « a band of thieves who became very rich plundering the tombs of the Egyptian pharaoh »

magpie

pie (oiseau). "The Thieving Magpie" (la pie voleuse) est un opéra de Rossini, ayant récemment servi à la pub pour Sony Bravia (explosion de couleurs).

general practitioner (=GP)

médecin généraliste, médecin traitant « GPs are inadequately trained to manage the growing demand for cancer care » «  It is important for you to register with a GP so you can access health services. »

guinea pig

cochon d'Inde, cobaye « the doctor used himself as a human guinea pig to perfect the treatment. »

gash

entaille, balafre « she had a large gash in her thigh. »        
crevasse « a triangular gash in the mountainside. »
déchirure « there was a gash in the fabric where the cat had scratched it. »
arg.: vagin (par allus. à fente) ; fille

squalid

sordide « a sad, squalid town »

to scold

sermonner, gronder « Mother scolded me this morning for being rude. »

a tad

un tantinet. It was a tad confusing = c'était un tantinet déroutant. a tad more expensive = un poil plus cher  

yuck

beurk

ale

bière
brown ale = bière brune 
light ale = bière blonde
 half pint of ale = demi

overhaul

révision « The pistons no longer fitted and a complete overhaul was needed. »
remaniement  « The overhaul of the employment strategy is necessary. »
remanier « The legal system needs to be overhauled. »

ablaze

en feu, en flamme. « A region ablaze with ethnic violence. »
to be ablaze = flamber. « The tents were ablaze. »
ablaze with light = resplendissant de lumière. « The chamber was ablaze with light. »
to be ablaze with colour = offrir une débauche de couleurs « In spring, the valleys are ablaze with colour. »

thigh

cuisse
"thigh gap" = espace entre les cuisses d'une personne debout, prisé dans le monde de la mode.

transient

passager, éphémère. The transient nature of fashion. « She had a number of transient, casual relationships with fellow students. »
transitoire

lead time

délai. « A way to reduce the building's lead time. »

dean

doyen
academic dean : président de faculté

far-fetched

tiré par les cheveux. « This all sounds very far-fetched. »

to pluck

cueillir. To pluck a flower « I plucked a lemon from the tree. »
arracher « She plucked the baby out of my arms. »
to be plucked to safety = être mis à l'abri « The children were plucked to safety as the building burned around them.         »
pincer les cordes d'un instrument. « To pluck the strings of a guitar. »    
to pluck up courage = prendre son courage à deux mains
to pluck up the courage to do sth = trouver le courage de faire qch « I eventually plucked up enough courage to ask her for her number. »
to pluck at = tirer sur « The boy plucked at Adam's sleeve. »

brazen

impudent, effronté, sans gêne.  « He's brazen, selfconfident, charismatic. » « It's brazen, insane, wonderful ! »
to brazen it out = la jouer au culot, au bluff.

sham

simulacre « They will prove that their love is real and their marriage not a sham. »        
imposteur « This man was a sham, an imposter. »
feint, simulé, bidon « sham marriage. »
to sham = feindre, simuler, faire semblant. « He's shamming » = il fait semblant.

to fret

se tracasser « Don't fret, Mary. »
to fret about/over sth : se tracasser au sujet de qch « Philip was fretting about his exams. » « I don't think people should fret over this. »

gum

gencive « She smiled widely, showing her toothless gums. »        
chewing-gum « He chews gum, and wears a baseball cap. »        
colle, coller  

eyebrow

sourcil
fig.: to raise an eyebrow = sourciller, tiquer « his behaviour raised a few eyebrows. »
eyebrow pencil = crayon à sourcils

lumpy

grumeleux « When the rice isn't cooked properly it goes lumpy. »
bosselé « The barn floor is a little lumpy, but better than sleeping with 60 guys snoring and coughing. »

cobblestone

pavé « the narrow cobblestone streets of the Left Bank. »

goo

pâte visqueuse, matière visqueuse  « a sticky goo of pineapple and coconut. »
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