Mots difficiles en anglais

ewe

brebis a flock of ewes (un troupeau de brebis)

to cull

[+animals] procéder à l'abattage sélectif de →« If you have a flock of ewes it is best to cull them before mating. »
to cull a flock = procéder à un abattage sélectif pour contrôler un troupeau
sélectionner → « we'll cull the best ideas and convene a seminar to discuss them »« Laura was passing around photographs she'd culled from the albums at home »
to cull information from sth = tirer des informations de qch → « information culled from movies he had seen on television. »
massacre, abattage → « a big elephant cull in Zimbabwe. »

sophomore

étudiant de deuxième année
sophomore year = deuxième année

thy

ton, ta , → « honor thy father and thy mother. »

hunch

intuition → « He then had to wait to see if carbon-dating tests showed his hunch to be right. »
my hunch is that = quelque chose me dit que → « My hunch is that the euro will get even weaker »
to have a hunch that = avoir comme une vague idée que
to act on a hunch = suivre son intuition → « Watson had acted on a hunch. »

to hunch one's shoulders = se voûter → « Wes hunched his shoulders and leaned forward on the edge of the counter. »

tenet

principe → « This is a basic tenet of capitalism. »

slapdash

bâclé → « My cooking is rather slapdash. »
[person] brouillon → « He is rather slapdash in his approach. »

slap = gifle, gifler.

landmark

repère, point de repère → « The tower is a landmark visible for miles → Big Ben is one of London's most famous landmarks. »
to be a landmark = faire date / époque → « The discovery of penicillin was a landmark in medicine. » (cf: milestone)
qui fait jurisprudence → « The payout is believed to be a landmark case because it breaks the established principle that... → the landmark decision that prompted US deregulation. »

stark

austere, désolé, morne → « We then passed through a much starker landscape. »
[choix] douloureux. « UK companies face a stark choice if they are to stay competitive. »
to issue a stark warning = lancer un sévère avertissement. « He issued a stark warning to Washington and other Western Capitals. »
stark naked = complètement nu →« He came out of the bathroom stark naked. »

flaw

défaut → This study has serious flaws → The main flaw in his character is his short temper
design flaw = défaut de conception → A design flaw with the aircraft caused the crash.

sway

chanceler, balancer, tanguer. « He didn't fall, but swayed a little. »
influencer. Do not be swayed by glamorous advertisements.
emprise → to hold sway = exercer son emprise → to be under the sway of sb/sth = être sous l'emprise de qn/qch.

high

défoncé, bourré : « Parker's habit was to cause him to miss gigs and to be fired for being high. »
to be high on sth = être sous l'emprise de qch, être défoncé à qch.
to get high = se défoncer → smoking cannabis to get high
to get high on crack = se défoncer au crack.

flirty

dragueur → She is amazingly flirty and sensual → She had an appealing flirty smile.
[clothes] sexy → The skirts were knee-skimming and flirty.

gig

concert They started out doing free gigs in bars. »
spectacle He did occasional comedy gigs. »

hiss

siffler → « the locomotive stood immobile, steam hissing out of its vents → the snake hissed → the audience hissed at the play. »
feuler (chat)→ « my cat hissed when I stepped on its tail. »
grésiller → « droplets of fat hissed in the flames. Des gouttelettes de graisse grésillaient dans les flammes. »
sifflement, grésillement → « the CD banished for ever all the hisses and crackles that had plagued disc recordings until then. Le CD a banni à jamais tous les grésillements et craquements qui étaient jusqu'alors la plaie des enregistrements musicaux. »

grapevine

vigne
téléphone arabe => I heard it on the grapevine : je l'ai appris par le téléphone arabe. » When Wynton Marsalis began to pick up gigs around New York City in 1978, the grapevine began to buzz. Two years later he was rewarded with the opportunity to join the Jazz Messengers. »

schmuck

prépuce
syn. de prick : connard, imbécile

bunch

bouquet « a bunch of flowers »
a bunch of keys : un trousseau de clés
[+bananas] régime
a bunch of grapes : une grappe de raisin
[+people] groupe → « We were a pretty inexperienced bunch of people. → They're a great bunch : c'est une chouette équipe. the best of the bunch : le or la meilleur(e) de la bande. »
bunches = couettes → « She had her hair tied in bunches. »

timely

opportun → the timely arrival of the maintenance man

pitfall

piège, chausse-trape → « The pitfalls of working abroad are numerous. »

hound

poursuivre avec acharnement → the newspapers hounded him → to be hounded by the press = être harcelé par la presse
chien de meute
the hounds = la meute

footage

enregistrement, séquences → exclusive footage from this year's festival → the court was shown video footage from security cameras .

brat

morveux → he's a spoiled brat = c'est un enfant gâté.

devin

soothsayer

semi-colon

point virgule

yank

coup sec → after a couple of yanks, the rope came free.
to give sth a yank tirer d'un coup sec sur qch
[+rope, cord] tirer d'un coup sec → to yank an emergency cord.
to yank sth open : ouvrir qch d'un coup sec → she yanked open the drawer = elle ouvrit le tiroir d'un coup sec.

chunk

[+meat] gros morceau → to cut the meat into chunks
[+bread] quignon

eggplant

aubergine

greed

(for money, power) : avidité, cupidité → all the hatred and violence, greed and selfishness in the world → It was a crime motivated by pure greed.
greed for sth : avidité de qch, soif de qch → his greed for knowledge and experience → an insatiable greed for personal power and glory
gourmandise → I wasn't really hungry, it was just pure greed that made me eat it.

den

tanière, antre
repaire → a drinking den : un repaire d'ivrognes → illegal drinking dens
a den of sth (vice, debauchery) : un lieu de qch → his flat became a den of debauchery → « a den of greed »

snippet

bribes → on the bus I heard this interesting snippet of conversation.

foreground

premier plan → in the foreground au premier plan → this is another worry that has come to the foreground in recent years.
to put sth in the foreground (=make a priority) mettre qch en avant → issues that were placed in the foreground

womb

utérus, matrice

endeavour

tentative « his first endeavours in the field were wedding films. »
effort « the benefits of investment in scientific endeavour. » > human endeavour = effort humain « a marvel of engineering and human endeavour. »
 to endeavour to do sth = tenter de faire qch, s'efforcer de faire qch « he endeavoured to adopt a positive attitude. »

glitch

pépin → a technical glitch = un pépin technique → manufacturing glitches have limited the factory's output.

smoulder

1 [ashes, rubble] être encore chaud → the ruins are still smouldering. 2 [hatred, resentment] ne pas être éteint → his hatred for his brother still smoulders after twenty years.

swanky

classe (=swish, fancy) → one of the swanky hotels that line the Pacific shore at Acapulco.

tingle

1- picotement, frisson → a tingle of excitement = un frisson d'excitation 2- frissonner (d'excitation) → hours after he had kissed her, she was still tingling → fans who tingle with anticipation as they await the arrival of the teams

vibe

atmosphère → he says he loves the city and the vibe here. >> to get good vibes from sb = ressentir des ondes positives avec qn >> to feel the vibes ressentir les ondes positives → I could feel the vibes and it gave me a tingle.

glossy

1- brillant → her glossy brown hair → lipstick with a glossy finish 2- glossy magazine : magazine de luxe → all the glossy magazines carried pictures of the Royal Wedding.

cameltoe

slang term that refers to the outline of a woman's vulva when seen through tight, form-fitting clothes

crassness

grossièreté

disposable

jetable

scout

1- explorer → I don't have time to scout the area for food 2- éclaireur, découvreur

makeover

relooking → she received a cosmetic makeover at a beauty salon as a birthday gift → the chance to give your living-room a makeover

wisecrack

vanne, trait d'esprit → listen, bud, enough of the wisecracks, ok ?

bud

bourgeon → early summer, just before the buds open => budding = bourgeonnant, naissant → she looked up through the budding trees → Russia's budding democracy

lurk

lurking in the bushes outside.
rôder → I dared not open the door for fear of the photographers lurking outside.
planer (fig.)→ this threat always lurks somewhere in the background.
menacer → fascism is always lurking somewhere.

thong

lanière ; string

comprehensively

1- complètement → the house was comprehensively rebuilt → the government has comprehensively rejected the UN resolution 2- à plate couture → England were comprehensively beaten by South Africa. L'Afrique du Sud a battu l'Angleterre à plate couture.
Haut de page